In a previous post I talked about the possibility of there having been a high civilization previous to the Suermieans, the earliest we have certain knowledge of. We don’t have a lot of solid evidence for that, but there’s a lot of evidence, ambiguous as it may be, that we can infer from.
Graham Hancock, in Fingerprints of the Gods, begins the book by talking about some 16th century maps of the western hemisphere, which included Antarctica. This was odd, because as far as is known, Antarctica wasn’t discovered until the early 19th century. In one of these maps Antarctica seemed to be iceless. Another odd thing: in some of these maps the western coast of South America was portrayed more accurately than the eastern coast. At the time this map was published, the eastern coast had been fairly well explored by Europeans, the western coast hardly, if at all. Why was the depiction so much more accurate?
The only possible explanation seems to be that some of the maps from which the 16th century maps were derived were very old indeed. One of the maps was made by Piri Reis, a Turkish admiral, who had access to a library in Istanbul in which many ancient documents may have been preserved. Just where such documents came from is unknown, but also unknown is any ancient civilization which had traveled so far and had the knowledge to make such accurate maps.
Robert Schoch, who studied the Great Sphinx, and found the erosion on it to be consistent with water rather than wind erosion, thus making the Sphinx older than previously thought, was dubious about these maps. He thought that in at least one the landmass identified as Antarctica was the southern tip of South America, placed off to the side, as the mapmaker had run out of room. So the evidence isn’t completely accepted. There may be other forms of evidence, though.
One of these is the town of Tiahuanaco, which is near Lake Titicaca in Peru. Lake Titicaca is a salt-water lake, with marine life similar to ocean life. The obvious conclusion is that it was once part of the Pacific Ocean, and was raised to some 5,000 feet above sealevel at some point. Tiahuanaco is now some 12 miles south of Lake Titicaca, and well above the level of the lake, but the evidence seems to show that the lake’s level has varied dramatically, and that Tiahuanaco was once a port situated at the water’s edge. One theory about Lake Titicaca says that it was created several million years ago, with the creation of the South American continent. But if it’s that old, what is a port doing on it? Who could have built it, and when?
Another theory is that it’s much less old than that, but still very old in human terms: it may have been built around 15,000 BC, which is far older than human civilization is supposed to be. But another author has evidence suggesting a very ancient civilization in human terms. Rand Flem-Ath (a husband and wife team) wrote The Atlantis Blueprint with Colin Wilson, and in it describes a discovery he made. The ancient site of Teotihuacan, in Mexico, has a large complex, including some very large and ancient pyramids. Like many ancient monuments, all over the world, it is oriented in a north-south direction, but the direction is off a little bit, relative to the current location of the North Pole. However, the North Pole hasn’t always been located in the same place. During the last Ice Age, it was located in the area of Hudson Bay, and that area is what the monuments in Teotihuacan, and elsewhere in Mexicon, were oriented on.
Not only that, but the orientation of other ancient monuments in other parts of the world are also towards the ancient pole. Not only are many sites aligned to the Hudson Bay Pole, but their latitudes are usually set pretty precisely on multiples of 5 degrees. Sites in the British Isles and in Mexico were at 50 degrees when the North Pole was in the area of Hudson Bay, for instance, Carthage and Quito are at 30, the Giza pyramids, Jerusalem, and Jericho at 15 degrees, and quite a number of others.
The next question would be, how did the location of the poles change? Charles Hapgood was a scientist who theorized that at times the earth’s surface can move as much as 2,000 miles realtively suddenly, and that this is unlike the constant movement that is happening beneath the earth’s surface. Maybe Hapgood was a crank with a faulty theory, but Albert Einstein, to whom he sent it, didn’t think so. If that is true, it explains one phenomenon: quick-frozen mammoths found in Siberia, Alaska and the Yukon. How quickly they were frozen is the subject of some debate, but from what I read, they’ve been found with plantlife not yet digested in their stomachs, the likes of which haven’t grown in the areas where they were found for many thousands of years. It might also explain how an ancient map came to depict Antarctica (or part of Antarctica) as lacking ice: at that time at least some of Antarctica was about 2,000 miles further north than it is now. This might also provide an area where a REALLY ancient civilization developed, where we can’t find ancient artifacts because they’re buried beneath a huge ice sheet.
Not that there aren’t other sources of evidence for ancient civilization. For instance, there have been ancient cities found in the ocean off northwestern and southeastern India. There’s also a large complex that has been found near an island between Japan and Taiwan. Robert Shoch, the geologist previously mentioned, visited part of this complex beneath the ocean, and said he was disappointed to find nothing that was unequivocally human-made. But he also didn’t have long to study the area, and also saw only a small part of it.
So the history of the human race continues to be mysterious. Possibly the archaeological view that high civilization didn’t begin until the Sumerians is approximately true, but that was less than 6,000 years ago. Humans have been around much longer than that, so it’s not impossible that high civilizations have risen and fallen, and left little of their accomplishments behind that we can date unequivocally. But there are certainly some interesting things that suggest humans have been accomplishing amazing things for a very long time.